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26       MY COUNTRY AND MY PEOPLE

ness as regards response to pain and general suffering.1   The
Chinese capacity for endurance in suffering is enormous.

III. INFUSION OF NEW BLOOD

But the Chinese people, as a race, did not survive merely
on the strength of coarse nerves or of capacity for suffering.
Actually, they survived on the sinolization2   of Mongolian
peoples.  A kind of phylogenetic monkey-gland grafting took
place, for one observes a new bloom of culture after each
introduction of new blood.   The brief sketch of the general
constitution and physical condition of the Chinese people
shows, not that they have entirely escaped the effects of long
civilized living, but that they have developed traits which
render them helpless at the hands of a fresher and more war-
like race.  Life with the Chinese seems to move on a slower,
quieter level, the level of sedate living, not the level of action
and adventure, with corresponding mental and moral habits
of a peaceful and negative character.   This makes it easily
understandable why periodic conquests from the North were
inevitable.   Politically, the nation has perished several times
at the hands of these conquerors.  The problem is then how,
in the midst of this political subjugation, the nation remained
as a nation; not how the nation warded off these military
disasters, as Christendom stopped the advance of the Moslems
at the battle of Tours, but how it survived these disasters and, in
fact, profited from them by the infusion of new blood, without
losing its racial individuality or cultural continuity.   The
national life, it seems, was organised on such a pattern that the
loss of the pristine vigour did not mean the loss of racial stamina
and power for resistance.  The key to this racial stamina and
power for resistence is the key to China's survival.

1 Arthur Smith's renowned Chinese Characteristics has a chapter on "The
Absence of Comfort and Convenience/' recounting his experience and ob-
servations of Chinese dress, houses, pillows and beds, which all European
readers find amusing. I wager it is ten times more amusing to Chinese readers
to learn of Arthur Smith's account of his sufferings and discomforts. The white
man's nerves are undoubtedly degenerate.

n * Tte* Yord* tfrougk kere used for the first time, is preferable to the atrocious
Siniacation."